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Lessons on Nutrition
Group Workout - Photo Credit Microsoft

Nutrients in food affects how the body functions. There are three nutrients: Protein, carbohydrates and fat that provide the body with energy and growth; tissue repair; and regulate metabolism and immunity.

Protein: Builds and repairs body tissue while producing anti-bodies to fight infection and disease.

Carbohydrates: Provides energy for the body to exercise.

Fat: Provides energy; helps digestion; processes fat-soluble vitamins and protects internal organs.


Other nutrients, referred as macronutrients, strengthen your immunity and provide antioxidants to assist the body are vitamins, minerals, water and fiber.

Vitamins: Essential for proper and normal body functioning, which affects bones, teeth, vision, hair, muscles, infection, and other health concerns.

Minerals: Regulate body function for strong teeth and bones, as well as, fluid balance for healthier tissues and blood.

Water: Assist the transport of nutrients; aids digestion and elimination of waste; regulate body temperature and support other bodily functions. The body requires water. Water is two-thirds of your body weight.

Fiber: Assist in the digestion of food and elimination of waste reducing constipation. It is also known as roughage. The body should consume 25 - 30 grams of fiber for a healthy digestion system. Bacteria in some fiber enriched foods produces gas as a by-product digestion.

Before purchasing a food item at the store, read the Nutrition Facts to increase your understanding of the nutrients that these products provide your body. Consult your physician on the recommended amount of sodium, potassium and other nutrients that you body should consume.